Job and George Ridgway also produced a similar product under the name stone china. Due to this and to the effects of the Napoleonic wars upon trade and the economy in 1791 the East India Company decided to dispense with the auction side of its business. Sold for £688 at Christies, London, 2009. Until this time auctions had been used by manufacturers only to dispose of surplus, damaged or bankrupt stock. Ironstone in Britain's was closely associated with the company founded by Charles James Mason following his patent of 1813, with the name subsequently becoming generic.
In 1852 Charles married as his second wife, a Miss Asbury, and they had a daughter Anne who was born in 1853. It is important to use the Internet for buying, selling and to keep up with the market prices. The name was also applied to Fenton Factory, the factory acquired from Josiah Spode. Some patterns included detail colours that were added on top of the main transfer after the glaze had been applied. By chance, his next door neighbor was Richard Farrar, a prosperous glass and china merchant who sold mainly porcelain imported from China. The company began to remake many of its earlier designs. The first successful manufacture of ironstone was achieved in 1800 by William Turner of the Lane End potteries at Longton, Stoke-on-Trent.
As the production of china became more and more heavily influenced by Oriental imports, Miles Mason made the decision to leave his job as a china wholesaler and open his own porcelain producing factory. Morley and the Ashworth family formed a partnership during the period 1858-60, at the Broad Street works in Hanley. He subsequently moved to London in 1828 where he was an auctioneer. Due to the introduction of Ebay and online Auctions the market has changed. He exhibited ironstone wares at the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace in 1851. When his father died in 1822 he took a pottery in Fenton Culvert.
At home, the Staffordshire potteries were saturating the market with mass-produced, inexpensive chinaware. It is possible that he died in 1862 at Wolfscote in the parish of Hartington, Derbyshire as this is not far from Alton, his last known address, or from Norbury, the village where both his mother and his brother George Miles are buried. A typical advertisement of his read, Many hundred table services of modern earthenware, breakfast and tea ware, toilet and chamber sets, many hundred dozen of baking dishes, flat dishes, broth basins, soup tureens, sets of jugs and numerous articles. A variety of ironstone types was being produced by the mid-19th century. By September 1784 he had taken over the china business of Richard Garrett.
His business prospered and within three years Miles had moved to much larger premises, it was in the Mivera Works that from1807 until 1813 Miles produced porcelain to a very high standard and it was here with the assistance of his three sons he experimented on new clays and produced an earthenware called Ironstone China. Seven years later, when she was 16, Miles married her, and together they had four children, a daughter, Ann Ruth, and three sons William, George Miles and Charles James. William was married to Susannah Hemming on 12th January, 1808 by the Rev. A while before his death Miles moved back to Staffordshire where he died on 26th April 1822. There is no headstone but there is a gothic wall monument in the church at the end of the north isle. Charles James Mason started a new factory at the Dasiy Bank Pottery but he died in 1856. Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan.
The American middle classes were prospering, and fell eagerly upon this brightly colored ware that looked so like the ware from China and Japan whose high cost had, until now, confined its use only to the wealthiest. These retail marks were transfer-printed on the underside. The patent was granted for a period of fourteen years, but it was never renewed, probably because the other major potters had perfected their own ironstone body recipes by that time. Ironstone is so colourful, so collectable, such a part of our heritage. He started by taking over the business of selling imported china which had been started by Richard Farrar, his father-in-law, in London in about 1783.
The East India Company had always sold their imported porcelain twice yearly auctions in London. He became a member of the Potteries Chamber of Commerce. In Fenton, not far from Lane End, Miles and Charles were also experimenting along the same lines as their competitors at the Turner Factory. In 1851, Thomas and Richard Boote introduced an octagon shape, combining sharply angled outlines with softly curved or oval handles. Fruits, grains, nuts and pods were embossed ironstone dishes. The set comprised over 100 plates, platters, dishes etc.
It was the end of an era. The ceramic art of Great Britain, from pre-historic times. Sold for £688 at Christies, London, 2009. As a young man he worked as a clerk for his Uncle Bailey of Frog Hall, Chigwell Row in London, who was a stationer. Antique ironstone wares are collectable, and in particular items made by Mason's. Miles Mason solicited his three sons to manage his Fenton factory.