Invaluable is an auction site for art and antiques, and it provides free information on the value of items sold on the site. In American pieces, ebonized wood was used from time to time, especially for those with an intentional Asian flair. As the preeminent book which told its contemporaries what was proper, beautiful, and efficient, it had immeasurable influence on many areas of Victorian life. The most popular wood used in this period was mahogany, with walnut, maple and cherry also present. One interesting thing is that my husband and I now wonder if the headboard on ours once had a veneer in that middle section like yours does with the burl veneer. This style of furniture is much more delicate than its predecessor. In 1868, he published a book on home furnishing called Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery, and Other Details.
The Eastlake style of furniture is named after Charles Lock Eastlake b. The lines are more geometric, with modest curves if any and light carving. Parlor tables with a square top and four slanted legs were also made with Eastlake influences. The furniture shelving form known as an étagère was born in this period, allowing Victorians to have more room to display their treasured collections. The style differed from the original concept of Charles Eastlake; some versions were more ornately carved and others were minimally incised, perhaps having only reeded and chamfered corners. New colonists in America brought their English furniture traditions with them and tried to translate these styles using native woods. To help understand what defines each period, here are some of the major design elements for each period.
© 2000 Illinois State Museum Society. Eastlake's Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery and other Details of 1868 showed Eastlake as an of Morris' simple, straight lined designs which were inspired by rural woodworking executed in oak and other fruitwoods. Schwartz, American Furniture: Tables, Chairs, Sofas and Beds. Carvings on Eastlake furniture are shallow compared to other styles. Some of it was suggested by the , some of Tudor origin.
The primary wood used is black walnut and the secondary wood used throughout is poplar. Eastlake disliked these imitations and publicly disavowed any association with their manufacture. What I find so interesting about this furniture style is that it is one of the earliest to be made entirely in a mass production setting and each element is produced by machine. Beginning of Eastlake Furniture In the last half of the 19th Century, a reform movement spread through England and the United States. It also makes use of the new machine-turned spools and spiral profiles that were fast becoming popular with furniture makers. The times were changing, and so were the chairs.
Popular from roughly 1870 into the 1890s, this was a Victorian mode of home furnishing. This Nicely accented Victorian wash stand with painted panels has a back shelf attached to the stand that coordinates with paint scheme. I am so excited to go started and thrilled for the additional Eastlake info! Ornamentation may be gilded or bronzed. Lines of this furniture style tend to be crisp, while facades might be decorated with bold grains of walnut or maple veneers, framed by inlaid bands. This one was by Alice Hepplewhite, and titled , published in 1788, 1789 and 1794. Eastlake Furniture The modern world didn't just appear overnight. Made of black walnut with burl- trim and, sometimes, scrolling.
The woods preferred by makers of this period were walnut and oak, with some use of mahogany and rosewood. Popular pieces of furniture like this Victorian marble-topped table were produced in many styles, including Eastlake. This layered effect was achieved by gluing thin layers together, with the grains running at right angles on each new layer. He believed that furniture should be lighter, simpler and more attractive. Federal Hepplewhite , 1790-1815: This period reflects the growing patriotism felt in the young American states. However, during this period, dark woods were so favored that often mahogany was painted black. Finishes were natural, fumed or painted.
Some were made without upholstery. However, the ornamental carving seen on these pieces is most often lightly incised rather than deeply carved. The upshot of this is that the stain that was in the finish would also come off, showing off the natural color and grain of the walnut. Below is a photo of the paper followed by two detail shots that are pretty legible. Victorian, 1830-1890: The Victorian period as it relates to furniture styles can be divided into several distinct styles. The style began in France and England, but eventually migrated to America where it evolved into two other furniture styles, Naturalistic and Renaissance Revival. One of his principles was the relationship between function, form and craftsmanship.
Their desire to develop their own distinctive furniture style was apparent. Tables were designed that incorporated the top, pedestal and base as one. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. At the same time, he did not disavow ornamentation completely as in some country and mission styles, but reduced it to low reliefs that created less dramatic shadows. Attend these events when possible. Look for Gothic arches, Chinese fretwork, columns, capitals, C-scrolls, S-scrolls, ribbons, flowers, leaves, scallop shells, gadrooning and acanthus leaves. In breaking away from the lavish forms of the Victorian era and reducing furniture into simpler geometric components, Charles Eastlake was predicting some major principles of the modernist movement.
So, what are the definitive traits that let us define Eastlake furniture regardless of where and how it was produced? The irony of this is that his designs called for straight line moldings and shallow incised carvings, both design elements which were easily produced by the furniture factories of the late 19th century. Some cast-iron elements can be found on furniture from this period, especially if it was cast as scrolls. He was an architect, so Charles Eastlake never made any Eastlake furniture. This photo shows the head board during the sanding process. Design motifs continue to reflect an interest in the classics of Greece and Egypt. Forms tend to be attenuated in New England.